Stable Diffusion Inpainting tutorial: Prompt Inpainting with Stable Diffusion

by Fabian Stehle on SEP 21, 2022

What is InPainting?

Image inpainting is an active area of AI research where AI has been able to come up with better inpainting results than most artists. It's a way of producing images where the missing parts have been filled with both visually and semantically plausible content. It can be quite useful for many applications like advertisements, improving your future Instagram post, edit & fix your AI generated images and it can even be used to repair old photos. There are many ways to perform inpainting, but the most common method is to use a convolutional neural network (CNN). A CNN is well suited for inpainting because it can learn the features of the image and can fill in the missing content using these features and there are many different CNN architectures that can be used for this.

Short introduction to Stable Diffusion

Stable Diffusion is a latent text-to-image diffusion model capable of generating stylized and photo-realistic images. It is pre-trained on a subset of the LAION-5B dataset and the model can be run at home on a consumer grade graphics card, so everyone can create stunning art within seconds.

How to do Inpainting with Stable Diffusion

This tutorial helps you to do prompt-based inpainting without having to paint the mask - using Stable Diffusion and Clipseg. A mask in this case is a binary image that tells the model which part of the image to inpaint and which part to keep. A further requirement is that you need a good GPU, but it also runs fine on Google Colab Tesla T4.

It takes 3 mandatory inputs to perform InPainting.

  1. Input Image URL
  2. Prompt of the part in the input image that you want to replace
  3. Output Prompt

There are certain parameters that you can tune

  1. Mask Precision
  2. Stable Diffusion Generation Strength

If you are using Stable Diffusion from Hugging Face πŸ€— for the first time, You need to accept ToS on the Model Page and get your Token from your user profile

So let's get started!

Install open source Git extension for versioning large files

! git lfs install

Clone the clipseg repository

! git clone https://github.com/timojl/clipseg 

Install diffusers package from PyPi

! pip install diffusers -q

Install some more helpers

! pip install transformers -q -UU ftfy gradio  

Install CLIP with pip

! pip install git+https://github.com/openai/CLIP.git -q

Now we move on to logging in with Hugging Face. For this simply run the following command:

from huggingface_hub import notebook_login

notebook_login()

After the login process is complete, you will see the following output:

Login successful
Your token has been saved to /root/.huggingface/token
%cd clipseg
! ls
datasets	     metrics.py        supplementary.pdf
environment.yml      models	       Tables.ipynb
evaluation_utils.py  overview.png      training.py
example_image.jpg    Quickstart.ipynb  Visual_Feature_Engineering.ipynb
experiments	     Readme.md	       weights
general_utils.py     score.py
LICENSE		     setup.py
import torch
import requests
import cv2 
from models.clipseg import CLIPDensePredT
from PIL import Image
from torchvision import transforms
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

from io import BytesIO

from torch import autocast
import requests
import PIL
import torch
from diffusers import StableDiffusionInpaintPipeline as StableDiffusionInpaintPipeline

Load the model

model = CLIPDensePredT(version='ViT-B/16', reduce_dim=64)
model.eval();
model.load_state_dict(torch.load('/content/clipseg/weights/rd64-uni.pth', map_location=torch.device('cuda')), strict=False);

Non-strict, because we only stored decoder weights (not CLIP weights)

device = "cuda"
pipe = StableDiffusionInpaintPipeline.from_pretrained(
    "CompVis/stable-diffusion-v1-4",
    revision="fp16", 
    torch_dtype=torch.float16,
    use_auth_token=True
).to(device)

Alternatively you can load an Image from an external URL like this:

image_url = 'https://okmagazine.ge/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/00-promo-rob-pattison-1024x1024.jpg' 
input_image = Image.open(requests.get(image_url, stream=True).raw)

transform = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.ToTensor(),
    transforms.Normalize(mean=[0.485, 0.456, 0.406], std=[0.229, 0.224, 0.225]),
    transforms.Resize((512, 512)),
])
img = transform(input_image).unsqueeze(0)

Move back in directories

%cd ..

Convert the input image

input_image.convert("RGB").resize((512, 512)).save("init_image.png", "PNG")

Display the image with the help of plt

from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
plt.imshow(input_image, interpolation='nearest')
plt.show()

This will show the following image:

Now we will define a prompt for our mask, then predict and then visualize the prediction:

prompts = ['shirt']
with torch.no_grad():
    preds = model(img.repeat(len(prompts),1,1,1), prompts)[0]
_, ax = plt.subplots(1, 5, figsize=(15, 4))
[a.axis('off') for a in ax.flatten()]
ax[0].imshow(input_image)
[ax[i+1].imshow(torch.sigmoid(preds[i][0])) for i in range(len(prompts))];
[ax[i+1].text(0, -15, prompts[i]) for i in range(len(prompts))];

Now we have to convert this mask into a binary image and save it as PNG file:

filename = f"mask.png"
plt.imsave(filename,torch.sigmoid(preds[0][0]))

img2 = cv2.imread(filename)

gray_image = cv2.cvtColor(img2, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

(thresh, bw_image) = cv2.threshold(gray_image, 100, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY)

# For debugging only:
cv2.imwrite(filename,bw_image)

# fix color format
cv2.cvtColor(bw_image, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB)

Image.fromarray(bw_image)

Now we have a mask that looks like this:

Now load the input image and the created mask

init_image = Image.open('init_image.png')
mask = Image.open('mask.png')

And finally the last step: Inpainting with a prompt of your choice. Depending on your hardware, this will take a few seconds.

with autocast("cuda"):
    images = pipe(prompt="a yellow flowered holiday shirt", init_image=init_image, mask_image=mask, strength=0.8)["sample"]

On Google Colab you can print out the image by just typing its name:

images[0]

Now you will see that the shirt we created a mask for got replaced with our new prompt! πŸŽ‰

Thank you! If you enjoyed this tutorial you can find more and continue reading on our tutorial page - Fabian Stehle, Data Science Intern at New Native

More resources

InPainting Stable Diffusion (CPU) Demo

Full Code in Colab Notebook

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Fabian Stehle

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